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DIAMOND EDUCATION

Diamond education is the understanding of the 4 C's of diamonds (color , cut , carat , clarity) and the factors that impact diamond quality and price.


Guide to Diamond Shapes

When thinking of diamonds, many will immediately think of the classic round diamond shape. It’s no doubt that the round brilliant cut is the most popular shape but if you’re looking for something different, there are plenty of other shapes available. A diamond’s shape refers to its physical form and each diamond shape is very different, possessing unique characteristics. Even though shape is not a part of the 4 C’s of Diamonds, this element will have an impact on the appearance of your diamond. Since each diamond shape is cut to different specifications, they reflect light differently, giving each shape a unique fire and brilliance.

Popular Diamond Shapes 

Choosing the right diamond can be tricky for many people. It is our hope that the information below will provide you with a basic understanding so that you can confidently move through the process. At Wixon Jewelers, we strive to offer our clients the highest quality diamonds and carry the largest selection of loose diamonds in Minnesota. Our collection of diamond jewelry features many different options for the shape of the diamond, from traditional round brilliant cut or oval diamonds to fancy shaped diamonds like pear and heart shapes. Below you will find a comprehensive list of the most popular diamond shapes and their characteristics.

round diamondROUND BRILLIANT CUT
The round brilliant cut diamond is the most popular shape of diamond. For hundreds of years, diamond cutters have been working with this cut to maximize its brilliance and fire. While this cut offers great flexibility within the four C’s, you will want to select higher quality grades to bring out the most brilliance within a round diamond.
 princess cut diamondPRINCESS CUT
Princess cut diamonds are exceptionally brilliant because of the way they are cut and are available in both square and rectangular shapes. The color that is emitted from princess cut diamonds is very unique. While the color of other diamond is displayed mainly in the center, the princess cut diamonds show distinct color in each of the corners as well.
  marquise cut diamond MARQUISE CUT
A marquise cut diamond is a perfect shape for maximizing carat weight by emphasizing the size of the diamond. Its unique shape creates the effect of longer, more slender hands and fingers. The outline of a diamond is determined by its length to width ratio, which also provides an image of the shape and look of the diamond.
  cushion cut diamond CUSHION CUT
Sometimes called a pillow-cut diamond, the cushion cut is a timeless cut that has earned its name for its pillow shape. Cushion cut diamonds tend to have impeccable brilliance and clarity in their appearance which can be attributed to their rounded corners and larger facets. These diamonds are available in square and rectangular shapes.
  emerald cut diamond EMERALD CUT
Emerald cut diamonds have a unique optical appearance because of the rectangular facets step-cut into the diamond’s pavilion. This cut showcases the diamond’s original clarity beautifully because of its large rectangular table which will also make inclusions and color more apparent.
 radiant cut diamondRADIANT CUT
Perfect for those looking for a unique style, radiant cut diamonds feature uniquely trimmed corners which combines the lines of an emerald cut with the brilliance of a round diamond. The sparkle of this diamond cut looks beautiful when combined with a variety of other diamond cuts.
  pear shaped diamond PEAR SHAPED
Combining round and marquise cuts, the teardrop style of pear shaped diamonds is exceptional. The slender pear shape will give fingers and hands a slimmer appearance while creating a soft and delicate look. Pear shaped diamonds are cut to produce maximum brilliance, so it’s important to look for excellent symmetry.
  oval cut diamond OVAL CUT
Oval cut diamonds have a classic appearance with a modern twist! It is a popular cut in all types of jewelry, especially in engagement rings, making it easy to match with other jewelry. It has an incredible brilliance, similar to the round brilliant cut, but also has the advantage of accentuating long, slender finders.
  assher cut diamond ASSCHER CUT
Asscher cut diamonds are often mistaken for an emerald cut because of its similar cut style; however an asscher is square rather than rectangular. Created in the early 1920s, the asscher cut has recently resurged in popularity, especially amongst celebrities.


Diamonds may be the hardest substance on earth, but they are not indestructible. While they can be cut or polished only by another diamond, a hard blow can cause them to chip. Never wear your diamond jewellery when doing rough work.

Don’t store your diamond jewelry next to other jewelry pieces as this can cause scratches. A fabric-lined jewelry case with separate compartments is Ideal. You can also individually wrap jewellery in soft tissue paper or use jewellery pouches for each piece.

Regularly inspect your diamond jewellery to make sure the setting is secure. Promptly bring it to a professional jewellery if you notice any signs of damage or loosening of the prongs. It’s a good idea to have your diamond jewellery examined at least once a year by a professional jeweller. In addition to performing any necessary repair work, your jeweller can expertly clean your jewellery.

Everyday exposure to creams, skin oils, hairspray, household chemicals and other substances can cause buildup that will dull your diamond’s brilliance and sparkle. Use a solution of warm water mixed with a few drop of ammonia in which to soak your diamond jewellery. Gentle scrubbing with an old, soft-bristled toothbrush is useful for more extensive cleaning. Rinse and dry with a clean soft cloth.

THE BASICS OF KEEPING YOUR DIAMOND CLEAN

So how can you keep your diamond looking its very best? Here are some tips on diamond care:

∙ Handle your diamond sparingly, as your fingers provide enough oil from your skin to alter the way your diamond looks.

∙ Clean your diamond regularly. A simple plan to keep your diamond jewelry always looking beautiful is to soak the diamond in an ammonia-based household cleaner (such as window cleaner) overnight, once or twice weekly. In the morning, remove the diamond from the cleaner and brush it with a soft, clean toothbrush to remove any leftover dirt. Take extra care to brush the back of the diamond as this will be the area that has collected the most oil and dirt.

∙ Be aware that fragile settings and estate jewelry won’t take kindly to being scrubbed with a toothbrush, so use a soft touch. Then, just rinse the diamond with water and wipe with a soft, lint-free cloth.

∙ Don’t use harmful solutions. Chlorine or abrasives should never be used when cleaning diamonds, especially those set in jewellery. These erode some of the metals often used in diamond settings, and may loosen prongs, or even dissolve the metal completely.

Sometimes an ultrasonic cleaner is necessary to remove encrusted dirt on diamonds. By sending high frequency sound waves through a detergent solution, ultrasonic cleaners cause vibrating fluid to remove accumulated dirt and grime. However, they can also shake loose stones from their mounting, so this method shouldn’t be used on fragile settings, and is best undertaken by a professional jeweler.

Regular cleaning will keep your diamond jewellery in gleaming condition and ready to sparkle on that special occasion.

TIPS FOR GENERAL CARE

Even though you may wear your diamond engagement ring 24 hours a day, you should still give thought to its care.

∙ Don’t wear it when you’re doing rough work or going to the gym. Even though a diamond is durable, it can be chipped by a hard blow.

∙ Don’t let your diamond come in contact with a chlorine bleach when you’re doing household chores. It can damage and discolor the mounting.

∙ Do see your jeweller at least once a year and have him check your ring and other precious pieces for loose prongs and wear of mountings. He’ll usually give them a professional “shine-up” too.

PUTTING DIAMONDS AWAY

∙ When you’re not wearing diamonds and precious jewellery, they still require attention. Keep your precious pieces in a fabric-lined jewel case, or a box with compartments or dividers.

∙ lf you prefer to use ordinary boxes, wrap each piece individually in tissue paper.

∙ Don’t jumble your diamond pieces in a drawer or jewellery case, because diamonds can scratch other jewelry-and can even scratch each other.

∙ Don’t leave your ring on the rim of a sink when you remove it to wash your hands. It can easily slip down the drain.

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